Agropoli, which means “high city”, is clearly a town of Greek origin. Overlooking the sea, it was, according to some scholars, the ancient acropolis of Paestum. Later, in Roman times, the village Ercula arose, more or less near the current Lungomare di San Marco, a saint much revered in both the coastal areas of the province of Salerno. Agropoli was then fortified by the Byzantines, for which it became one of the most important centers thanks to the happy outlet on the sea with its port. This led to the development of the businesses, which in turn were protected within the mountains. Its strategic position has made Agropoli territory coveted by many peoples so much that, in the year 882, it was invaded by the Saracens who held control until 915, when the bishops won, defeating and alienating the Islamists. Over the centuries there have been other dominations: from the Normans to the Aragonese, passing through Svevi and Angioini. Until the early 1800s, when the city passed into the hands of the noble Neapolitan family of Sanfelice. Known for its seafront, the beautiful castle and the delightful little port, Agropoli is the main gateway to the wonderful and uncontaminated territory that is the Cilento, a land of mythology, nature, sea, history, traditions and Mediterranean diet.