Salerno is the capital of a vast province and is located in a strategic position at the meeting point between the Amalfi Coast and the Cilento Coast. Although the main focus of the economy is on trade and services, the city’s vocation is increasingly oriented towards tourism. Of Etruscan birth, and by evolution of the first Samnite and then Roman, Salerno established itself in the world for the famous Salernitana Medical School, a center of advanced medical studies in the Middle Ages with the presence of the first female teachers. With the Lombard and Norman dominations, the present historical center developed, one of the most characteristic places of the city that hosts most of the night life. The symbol of Salerno is the Lombard castle of Arechi II, which towers over the Bonadies hill and dominates the heart of Salerno’s life in silence. Salerno is also remembered as the first seat of the Government of liberated Italy (1944) and, currently, is a reference point for many tourists who make it the base for discovering the extraordinary beauty of Campania.