Napoles, with its one million inhabitants, it is the third largest municipality in Italy by population, as well as among the most densely populated metropolitan areas of the entire European Union. Founded by the Cumans around the eighth century BC, Napoles was among the main cities of Magna Græcia, thanks also to the privileged relationship with Athens. It was a center of reference on the commercial, cultural and religious level for all the surrounding Italic populations, so much so that it became home to the Italian Epicurean philosophy. With the collapse of the Roman Empire, in the VIII century, Napoli constituted an autonomous duchy independent of the Byzantine Empire. But above all, for many centuries, Napoles it was the capital before the Kingdom of Naples, for six hundred years, and then, with the Restoration, of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies under the Bourbons, up to the Unification of Italy. For cultural, political, economic and social reasons it has been one of the prominent cities of the West: it houses the Federico II University, the oldest among the state universities of Europe, and the Oriental, the oldest university of sinological studies. and orientalist of the continent. Then there is the Nunziatella, one of the oldest military academies in the world, nimnata historical and cultural heritage of Mediterranean countries by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean. Naples , world-renowned cultural center, is a city with an imposing tradition in the field of figurative arts: original architectural and pictorial movements have been developed, as well as minor arts such as Capodimonte porcelain and the Nativity scene Neapolitan. To Naples now belong to the world cultural heritage its form of dialect theater, the classical song and the specific culinary tradition that includes above all the renowned Neapolitan pizza, declared intangible heritage of humanity by UNESCO. The historic center of Naples, the largest in Europe, was recognized by UNESCO in 1995 as a World Heritage Site.